Centralization: Economy of Scale? Looming Disaster? Lil Bit of Both?

Streetcars, gas and water pipes, power lines, and other “invisible networks,” to borrow a line from the title of Ann Durkin Keating’s book, make up a vibrant history of infrastructure in which centralization vs. decentralization is a big debate.

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Los Angeles: Beyond The Supreme Reign of the Motorcar

The culture of mobility in Los Angeles is still stuck in the single-passenger automotive mindset. But the infrastructure begs to differ.

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